by Keith Austin
From New Scientist #2125, 14th March 1998
Take a large sheet of lined paper. On line 1 write any number between 0 and 100 (but not necessarily a whole number). In turn, write a number on each of the lines, 2, 3, 4, .. 100, according to the following rule:
Suppose you have just written a number X on a line. If X is less than 50 then write 40 plus half of X on the next line, otherwise write 93 minus half of X.
(A) Can I say now, before you write your number on the 1st line, what the nearest whole number to the number you write on the 100th line will be? If yes, then what is that nearest whole number?
Take a second sheet of lined paper and repeat the above, except that the rule if X is less than 50 is changed; now write 20 plus half of X on the next line.
(B) My question now is as in question A.
Now take a third sheet of lined paper and repeat the procedure, except that the rule becomes the following. If X is less than 50 then write 40 plus half of X, otherwise, write 15 plus half of X.
(C) Once again, my question is as in question A.